Getting Back on Track with Track and Trace

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  • 05/29/2012

Counterfeit medicines are growing at such an alarming rate that it finally made it onto the recent Camp David G8 agenda. Counterfeit Avastin has found its way into America’s legitimate supply chain.  It’s not just a theoretical problem any more. Now’s the time to close a major loophole that allows the purveyors of false profits to prey on an unsuspecting American public.

Now’s the time for a national standard for pharmaceutical track-and-trace that would enable manufacturers, wholesalers and distributors to provide documentation or a “pedigree” on the chain of custody of drug products, including identification of each prior sale, purchase or trade of a drug, along with the associated dates and parties involved

Earlier this month, 11 people were charged with the March 2010 record-breaking $75 million drug heist from the Eli Lilly warehouse in Enfield, Connecticut back in March of 2010. Fortunately, all of the stolen drugs from the Lilly warehouse were recovered before they could be re-introduced into the legitimate supply chain. But we won’t always be so lucky.

Criminals are going to continue to attack our drug supply because they are always going to be attracted by the high value of drugs in the U.S. market.  You can’t prevent criminals from making attempts, but you can make it whole lot more difficult.

Now, while the iron is hot, is the perfect time to strike a blow for drug safety. There’s a general placeholder in the Senate version of PDUFA bill that requires more specifics. Now’s the time for the FDA to roll up its sleeves and work with Congress to come up with a national standard instead of leaving it up to each state to come up with it’s own standard (as in California). In many respects, the only thing worse than no standard is to have 50 different standards that would create 50 different ways for counterfeiters to game the system.

This isn’t a new problem. The Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987 (PDMA) was signed into law by the President in 1988. PDMA was enacted to (1) ensure that drug products purchased by consumers are safe and effective, and (2) avoid the unacceptable risk to American consumers from counterfeit, adulterated, misbranded, subpotent, or expired drugs. Both Congress and the FDA recognized that such legislation was necessary to increase safeguards in the drug distribution system to prevent the introduction and retail sale of substandard, ineffective, or counterfeit drugs.

In 2004 (during my service as an FDA Associate Commissioner), I served on the agency’s first Counterfeit Drug Taskforce. Our report outlined a framework for public and private sector actions that could further protect Americans from counterfeit drugs, including implementation of new track and trace technologies to meet and surpass goals of the Prescription Drug Marketing Act (PDMA). Our framework called for a multi-layer approach to address the problem and included the following measures:

  • Secure the product and packaging
  • Secure the movement of drugs through the supply chain
  • Secure business transactions
  • Ensure appropriate regulatory oversight and enforcement
  • Increase penalties
  • Heighten vigilance and awareness
  • International cooperation

But the devil is in the details and there’s always the danger of allowing the perfect to get in the way of the (public) good. Implementing PDMA has been a nightmare for 1000 reasons – not the least of which is a single, FDA-mandated track-and-trace technology. But time marches on.  Technological advances since 1988 provide a plethora of possibilities. It’s time for the FDA to work with all stakeholders and put a national standard in place.

And the FDA won’t be acting alone. In a May 22nd colloquy, Senators Enzi and Harkin support moving forward with a more permanent and robust solution. Senator Enzi: “The language in the Manager’s Amendment is a placeholder to show our intent to continue working on this critical, but complex, policy.”  Senator Harkin: “The logical next step in this policy is to work to improve the safety of the drug distribution system that gets drugs from manufacturers to the pharmacists and other providers who dispense them to patients.  The FDA currently lacks the authority to establish a uniform, comprehensive national system to secure the pharmaceutical distribution supply chain.”

The complete colloquy can be found here.

It’s time to give the FDA the authority it needs to put 21st century track and trace into commission on behalf of the public health.


Center for Medicine in the Public Interest is a nonprofit, non-partisan organization promoting innovative solutions that advance medical progress, reduce health disparities, extend life and make health care more affordable, preventive and patient-centered. CMPI also provides the public, policymakers and the media a reliable source of independent scientific analysis on issues ranging from personalized medicine, food and drug safety, health care reform and comparative effectiveness.

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