Latest Drugwonks' Blog
There are so many important issues surrounding drug safety — better labels, more transparent clinical trial results, e-prescribing, compliance, to name only a few. Drug advertising just isn’t one of them. The pickle is that it’s the most visible. The continuing debate over whether or not consumer advertising for prescription drugs is “good” or “bad” misses the point — the genie (as Janet Woodcock has said) cannot be put back in the bottle. Certain segments of our already over-regulated society are suffering from a severe Washington-induced over-dose of self-righteousness. And that includes many members of Congress.
By no stretch of the imagination should government be in the business of controlling either the message or the medium.
What would you think if the Federal Communications Commission and the Food and Drug Administration got together and decided that too many sound bites of Charles Grassley or Maurice Hinchley were hazardous to the health of the American television viewer? Why you’d be upset, right? I would. (Really, I would.)
There are, of course, some things that should be regulated. That’s what living in a civilized, modern society is all about. The Pursuit of Happiness means that, even though we live in a free society, you can’t yell “fire” in a crowded movie theater. Factories aren’t allowed to poison the air and water, and consumer products must advertise themselves truthfully. That’s the 21st century Social Contract.
And pharmaceutical advertisements must be accurate, fair and balanced — as defined and reviewed by the FDA. Most people (and I think it’s fair to say most legislators) don’t understand that the brief summary (otherwise known as the “small print”) and the fair balance and adequate provision (more frequently referred to as the part of the TV ads where they talk about all the bad stuff that can happen) is dictated by the FDA. And I mean “dictated” like in “take this down verbatim and use it.”
At a Senate hearing Senator Debbie Stabenow asked Janet Woodcock (who was Director of CDER at the time — the center that contains the division that reviews pharmaceutical promotional materials including consumer ads) why FDA approved so many ads. Dr. Woodcock paused and then reminded the Senator that FDA doesn’t approve ads, they review them. And that ain’t just a rhetorical finesse.
DTC ads aren’t perfect, but they do provide significant benefits to the public health. There’s plenty of information and opinion on this topic on this vey blog site. But the big issue is free speech. It’s the first amendment — and for a reason.
If we pursue restrictions on pharmaceutical DTC advertising and promotion, can a total prohibition be far behind? It’s certainly possible — then watch for steroid-injected special interests going after …
* Big Macs and Whoppers. After all, cholesterol kills.
* Hummers and SUVs. An insidious plot by the oil industry to promote irresponsible petroleum consumption.
* Disposable Diapers. A real biohazard. Banning them is more than a job — it’s a doody.
* M&M candies. All of the colors are not equally represented.
Sound absurd? When you hear people talk about banning, restricting or limiting any type of speech don’t be passive. Make no mistake — advertising is on the cutting edge of free speech.
The same people who would restrict and then ban pharmaceutical ads would fight to the bitter end for other people’s right to publish pornography and produce films containing the most violent and vile acts conceivable. Don’t doubt it for a minute.
Impressive investigative reporting by Robert Pear and Stephanie Saul of the New York Times into Les Crawford’s resignation turned sour in the very last sentence of their story. Quoting Dr. Crawford’s brother-in-law, the article ends with the comment that Dr. and Mrs. Crawford will get through these trying times “because they’re very strong Christians.” Now, let’s be honest, Robert Pear doesn’t include quotes to capture the folksy tone of the American South. He and Ms. Saul intended it as a put-down, as a way to position Dr. Crawford and his family as redneck chuckleheads who either don’t have the wherewithal to understand a federal financial disclosure form or as snake oil Billy Sunday Chautauqua charlatans. The South shall rise again.
At today’s BioCentury Summit, FDA Deputy Commissioner Scott Gottlieb issued a blunt broadside to the medical journal mandarins …
“Too much important medical information remains shielded behind strict embargo policies and too long peer-review cycles that mostly serve the interests of enterprising journal editors rather than patients.
Medical journal embargo policies are the C-Section of Journalism — you can report on something at the date, and time, of your choosing. And the medical journals such as the New England Journal of Medicine and Science are pressuring everyone, including the FDA, to release information more quickly.
They are right. Information that could influence clinical medical practice needs to be made available more quickly, and more widely, after it has gone through a deliberative scientific process that firms up its meaning and the magnitude and the veracity of its conclusions.
But why should the medical journals alone have the luxury of bottling up information behind longwinded peer review processes that can wind on for months and embargo policies that serve no useful purpose?”
Let’s see what Time Magazine has to say about that!
Senator Charles Grassley is so smart! Reading his recent statements and press releases (yes — they are hard to differentiate) you’d think he was smarter than all the career scientists at the FDA (well, except for one), the combined R&D staffs of every global pharmaceutical company, Dr. Elias Zerhouni — and now we can add to that illustrious list Dr. Andrew von Eschenbach. That being the case, and for the good of the country, maybe the senator should ask President Bush consider him to head the FDA? Then again, maybe not.
One of the reasons President Bush tapped Andy von Eschenbach to take hold of the suddenly rudderless FDA is because von Eschenbach thinks big. Now he must also think broadly. His oft-repeated (and unfairly ridiculed) challenge to make cancer a chronic disease by 2015 raised a lot of eyebrows — but it focused attention on the task at hand. His management style at the NCI challenged a lot of entrenched interests, but succeeded in making the federal government once again relevant in driving an aggressive agenda — one based on the foundation that the best kind of research is of the applied variety. A victor over cancer three-times over, von Eschenbach will now face a different kind of tripartite battle — political, bureaucratic, and scientific. He’s a known quantity at FDA, having led collaborative efforts on both NCI’s and FDA’s Critical Path efforts — rising above internecine rivalries to provide an unfortunately rare example of government agencies working together for the common good. He’s a man of energy, action and integrity. He’s a survivor. Good luck Andy.
The following is excerpted from a forthcoming article by CMPI Board of Advisory member Henry Miller …
Ideally, the nominee for FDA commissioner should be equal parts consummate manager, technocrat, and Lord High Executioner. Realistically, he must have several attributes:
Superior management skills and experience. The agency’s scope is so
sweeping — encompassing cardiac pacemakers, x-ray machines, condoms, home pregnancy-testing kits, drugs, vaccines, artificial sweeteners and fat substitutes — that a single person cannot be expected to master the body of science, medicine, pharmacology and engineering (to say nothing of the law and “regulatory science”) involved. The FDA’s own professional staff can frame the issues and options; the function of the agency head is chiefly to manage the far-flung empire, craft appropriate incentives for moving products through the pipeline more efficiently, and make the final decision on difficult policy questions. Also, the commissioner needs to be competent to perform reality checks for the senior staff. An excellent example is the agency’s oversight of food biotechnology: FDA regulators have in place a scientific and workable policy, but at UN-based negotiations on food standards, they have proposed and supported unscientific approaches to biotech foods that conflict with their own domestic policy.
Unassailable integrity and honesty. The Commissioner’s decision-making must meld law, science, medicine and regulatory precedents, in a way that maximizes the public interest. The incumbent needs to earn the respect of those who have a stake in FDA’s policies and decisions — that is, patient groups, individual consumers and drug companies — with candor, consistency and rectitude. The FDA Commissioner’s job should not be awarded as a political plum, as are cabinet posts and many ambassadorships. Politics should be banished insofar as that is possible, with the commissioner doing what is in the public interest and then taking the heat from all quarters for unpopular decisions. A corollary is that the commissioner should probably not aspire to higher political positions in government Doing the job right makes plenty of enemies.
There’s a new white paper worth reading. It comes from Alberto Mingardi of the Bruno Leoni Institute in Italy and leverages the current American debate over drug importation to address some more fundamental and troubling issues — sustainability of global pharmaceutical development. Heres a sample. The full paper can be found at http://brunoleoni.servingfreedom.net/BP/
Free-riding (on drug discovery and development) by European countries does appear a markedly unsustainable course: ironically, the price controls in force in almost every development economies endangers the American exception. Pressures on the United States to take the course of socialized medicine come from many quarters and some steps in that directions have already been taken. The prospect of a “globalization” of socialized medicine emphasizes all the flaws of a situation in which Europe is content with living off the American golden eggs goose. When the fact is taken into account that in 1998 as much as 33 of the best-selling (and, therefore, most appreciated) drugs were of American origin, it is clear that the very future of an innovative healthcare industry depends on that goose. Beyond any moral issues, the danger exists that, if the United States will achieve further European-style legislative “progress,” that overstretched goose might lay her last egg.
I am proud to have served with Les Crawford at the FDA. I am prouder to consider him my friend.
The DC Council has approved legislation (which Mayor Anthony Williams has said he will sign) that would make it illegal for pharmaceutical companies to sell prescription drugs at an “excessive price” in the District of Columbia. And, of course, if companies don’t comply there is a civil penalties clause. In medical terms, the Council needs to have their collective heads examined. But their mental health isn’t the issue. The real question is, what aspects of drug pricing do pharmaceutical company’s control? Pfizer doesn’t own a chain of pharmacies. Eli Lilly doesn’t have a stake in CVS. And, in case you didn’t know, there is no such thing as MSRP (manufacturer’s suggested retail price) for prescription medicines. Here’s how it works — a drug company sells its products to a wholesaler who sells it to a pharmacy (often with multiple re-sellers and re-packagers in-between). And everyone along the supply chain marks up the price to make a profit. In fact, by the time you receive your prescription at the pharmacy, the price can be upwards of 40% over the initial price charged by the pharmaceutical company. But, since the DC Council is made up mostly of lawyers (including the genius who introduced the legislation, David Catania — a lawyer at the mega-DC firm of Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer, Feld) it’s not surprising they’ve chosen to focus on the deepest pockets — the pharmaceutical industry. It wouldn’t look good, after all, if their legislation forced local pharmacies (who enjoy a sizable profit on their sale of medicines) to close in Anacostia. What does “DC” stand for? Based on the current disposition of the DC City Council, it stands for “Drug Catastrophe.”
This just in …
STRASBOURG, France (AP) — Counterfeit Viagra, antibiotics and other drugs are on the rise in Europe, leading international pharmaceutical and health care experts said, blaming insufficient cross-border cooperation.
Meeting at a three-day conference organized by the Council of Europe, government officials, law enforcement officers, doctors and pharmaceutical experts from Europe and the United States called Thursday for tighter criminal legislation, better public awareness campaigns and a central point for collecting information on fake drugs.
They warned that the rise in counterfeit medicines could undermine patients’ confidence in public health care.
“It is worrying that there is no recognized central reference point in Europe entrusted with surveillance, trend analysis and policy recommendations in the field of counterfeit medicines,” said Maud de Boer-Buquicchio, deputy secretary general of the Council of Europe, the continent’s leading human rights body.
“This situation helps the counterfeiters, who can rely on international cooperation gaps in Europe,” she said. “Even when they are caught, they far too often get away with administrative fines with no deterrent effect.”
Counterfeit medicines make up approximately 10 percent of the European pharmaceutical market — up from close to zero 10 years ago — and often are supplied by international criminal rings, the World Health Organization says.
In Russia, some 20 percent of all drugs distributed are fake, while in Mexico it is 40 percent and in Nigeria as much as 80 percent, Council of Europe and WHO statistics show.
Counterfeit medicines often are packaged like the genuine product and are hard to detect. Lifestyle drugs, such as Viagra, and essential medicines such as antibiotics and insulin are particularly popular with counterfeiters, but there’s also an increasing number of fake contact lenses and even materials such as surgical mesh.
Experts warned that purchasing health products over the Internet poses a major health risk as such drugs often have not been approved by a competent health authority.
A study conducted by the U.S. General Accounting Office in 2004 showed that four out of 21 medicines ordered from Web sites outside the United States or Canada were fake.
“Patients using these services are at risk of receiving medicines which are counterfeit, out of date or unidentifiable for lack of proper packaging,” said Jean Parrot, President of the International Pharmaceutical Federation.
The conference, which runs through Friday, focuses on identifying ways to detect fake drugs, combating distribution and drawing up guidelines to protect the public. Representatives of the European Commission, the European Patent Office and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration were attending the meeting.
Fred Fricke, director of the Forensic Chemistry Center at the FDA, highlighted a recent case: Two former employees of pharmaceutical giant Johnson & Johnson set up their own business in India and were producing fake, non-sterile surgical mesh and distributing it to a number of hospitals in the United States.